original excavations of Indian Knoll, near Mammoth Cave in Kentucky,
were made by Clarence B. Moore in the first half of the 20th
of the most interesting artifacts recovered from the graves were prismoidal bannerstones and antler hooks. Moore postulated
that the bannerstones were used as net web spacers and the
antler artifacts as weaving hooks for net manufacture.
bets on the identification of these artifacts, Moore stated:
" Judging that some use in common could be found for the hooked
implements and the objects of antler and of stone, it seemed to us
at first that the correct solution of the problem might be that
respectively they were netting needles and objects used with them
for spacing the meshes of the nets, variously called sizers,
spacers, mesh-measurers, mesh-gauges, mesh-boards, mesh-blocks. Hereafter in this report, for convenience and not
because we are fully convinced they are such, we shall designate the
hooked implements as needles and the objects found with them as sizers.
We were aware that we had to face two probable
objections in connection with our determination, namely, the
orifices in the ends of the needles, and the perforations in the sizers, neither of which seem absolutely necessary for the use to
which the needles and sizers were assigned."
significance of these finds was not recognized until some 20 years
later when the site was re-excavated and the Moore expedition data
was re-analyzed by William S.Webb. (Please see the companion
book Atlatls and Bannerstones)
Note about the format of this book: When Moore published
his famous series of archaeological books they were
formatted around 11" x 14" plates. As the text
blocks were only 6" x 9" this resulted in huge blank
margins around the text and a very cumbersome book to hold
while reading. We have reformatted this series into a
more manageable 8-1/2" x 11" which allowed us to reproduce
the text blocks and in-text illustrations full size.
This did necessitate a reduction in the size of the full
page plates but the color plates are still reproduced
in color. We believe that this was the best compromise
and plan on releasing additional publications of his over the next
several months in this modern format.
x 10-5/8", 85 page, soft cover, facsimile reprint contains
26 illustrations, four of which are full page as well as the four full page, color plates
by Mary Louise Baker which feature artifacts found at the site,
including the famous 24 bannerstones.